According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation Moscow is a separate Federal territorial entity , the so called Federal city.
The Executive branch in Moscow is presented by the Moscow Government headed by the Mayor, the Legislative branch is presented by the Moscow City Duma, consisting of 35 deputies, 18 of which are elected from party lists and 17 - according to majority election system , starting from 2009 . The latest direct elections of the Mayor took place on the 7th of December, 2003. On the 27 of June, 2012 the Moscow City Duma passed the law according to which the mayor of the city is elected by direct secret voting.
The city of Moscow is divided into twelve administrative okrugs and 123 districts.
The local administration is presented by ten prefectures, uniting the districts of Moscow into Administrative areas (okrug) on the area basis, and 125 district councils (uprava). In compliance with the law «Organization of Local Self-Government in Moscow», beginning from 2003 the Executive bodies of the local self-government are presented by municipalities and representational bodies are presented by municipal assemblies. The members of municipal assemblies are elected in compliance with the Charter if the inner-city municipalities . The principles of the activities of Legislative and Executive branches of Moscow, as well as self-government authorities are determined by the Charter of the City of Moscow and other city laws and regulations.
Moscow , in the capacity of the capital of Russia, given by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, is the seat of Federal Legislative, Executive and Judicial branches of the country but for the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, which, beginning from 2008 is situated in St. Petersburg.
The Government of the Russian Federation, the Executive branch , is situated in the House of the Government of the Russian Federation in Krasnopresnenskaya Naberezhnaya in the center of Moscow. The State Duma's address is Okhotny Riad. The Council of Federation is situated in the building in Bolshaya Dmitrovka street. The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation are also situated in Moscow.
The Moscow Kremlin is an official residency of the President of the Russian Federation. The working residency of the President in the Kremlin is situated in the Kremlin Senate.